1.2 Expert Interview

Intervjuet vårt ble holdt på engelsk, og her og ved Cultural Probe kommer vi til å skrive på engelsk med hensyn til internasjonale forhold.

1. Who was interviewed?
Nikolina Petrović – a teacher.

2. Where was the interview conducted?
In Halden.

3. How was the interview conducted?
By phone.

4. What was the theme (s) of the interview?

Digital media in schools, how they use it and predictions for the future.

5. Why was the theme (s) chosen?

This is what we were interested in after the literature review.

6. Questions

1. Whats your name?
2. How old are you?
3. Where are you from?
4. How long have you been a teacher?
5. Tell me quickly about yourself?
6. What are your thoughts about using only books and a blackboard to teach?
7. In which subjects do you think the kids will get most out of digital learning?
8. How do you imagine the future of learning will look?
9. Do you think your school should invest in more digital units for digital learning?
10. Would you tell someone to look something up in a book or on the internet, if you were unsure of the answer?
11. What do you think is important if you are to make a digital learning platform for kids?
12. How would you use digital media in your classroom?
13. Did you ever use digital media in your school for learning?
14. How did the children react, was it successful?
15. Have you taught the children about internet safety?
16. What is your biggest concern of using digital media in your classroom?
17. How do you suggest schools should approach this issue?
18. Do you think schools are moving in the right direction?
19. Why do you not support twitter and Instagram?

7. Transcription

 

1. Whats your name?

Nikolina Petrović

2. How old are you?

Twenty-four

3. Where are you from?

Serbia

4. How long have you been a teacher?

Two years

5. Tell me quickly about yourself?

I finished a five-year master’s degree as a teacher, at the teacher’s education faculty. Before I studied at the gymnasium and chose mathematical direction, instead of language. I was also replacing teachers as an assistant at one point. I have known of this type of job as a teacher since I was born since my mother is also a teacher. It has let me know more in advance of entering the occupation than if I were to not have known anything of it prior to studying it.

Currently I am educating children aged seven years, and I am appreciating the opportunity to do so.

6. What are your thoughts about using only books and a blackboard to teach?

I support that, the books are the source of knowledge. If you’re asking me blackboard is much better than a whiteboard, because writing with a chalk is better as its much softer, whilst a marker is more slippery on the surface.

7. In which subjects do you think the kids will get most out of digital learning?

Native Language, maths, science and nature, music.

8. How do you imagine the future of learning will look?

Kids will not improve, they will regress intellectually, and motor skills will deteriorate. They will improve their English and know more about technology than everyone else before them. Books will have more simple material in them which will be harder for the kids to learn from. Everything they will learn will be reduced because they’re regressing intellectually.

9. Do you think your school should invest in more digital units for digital learning?

Yes, I think so all through the entire country, but also elsewhere. The kids should have access to the digital learning platforms at home as well, so they can always have the ability to learn in their free time as well.

10. Would you tell someone to look something up in a book or on the internet, if you were unsure of the answer?

I’d tell them to look it up in a book, because the internet is full of misinformation. Wikipedia should be banned from learning, due to it not being a secure and reliable source. For videos I’d use the internet to find material.

11. What do you think is important if you are to make a digital learning platform for kids?

The teachers need to be educated in using the platform, which in my country requires English knowledge. It would be good to have instructions about the platforms the teacher can use, but the best solution would be to have one platform for every country that needs to be upgraded with the program of education. Digital platforms should be based on the law, for educational programs of every cycle in the school.

12. How would you use digital media in your classroom?

I would use it for introductory activities, in systematization. Also, to raise interest in the classroom for the new lessons. I would use it for video and music, maybe educational games. There is not a lot of educational games in Serbian, and the ones that are available are poorly developed.

13. Did you ever use digital media in your school for learning?

Yes, I did, I used YouTube and educational games in English (that I translated to the students in Serbian). I was using digital media for interactive teaching, where they get the info they need from the internet and from the “checked sites”, the sites where the info is verified by the teachers prior to the students going there themselves.

14. How did the children react, was it successful?

The kids liked it when the teaching was different from the usual type, they also liked when they explored by themselves. It was successful.

15. Have you taught the children about internet safety?

No, I have not cause I’m the one that’s controlling their web searches as for now. I also think that’s something they should learn when they reach the age of nine, or ten. Then I would do it cause that’s when they start to use their own computers.

16. What is your biggest concern of using digital media in your classroom?

I’m concerned the digital media will replace the books, which the ministry of education science and technological development is trying to implement in the educational system.

Teaching would get poorer, and more miserable, and motor skills would not be developed properly, and some classes such as music, art and physical education cannot be properly learned over digital media. Also, my biggest concern, is that the programs are not very well developed. So, then advertisements can pop out as for example inappropriate ads on YouTube.

17. How do you suggest schools should approach this issue?

Improve the program without any glitches, and digital medias shouldn’t push away the books.

18. Do you think schools are moving in the right direction?

Schools are not moving in the right direction; they are moving backwards. The schools are implementing new programs and are not educating teachers for it, and all the teachers get the blame for not teaching the kids properly.

How can the elementary schools use modern children (social) media usage to improve the everyday classroom experience?

I don’t support Twitter, and I wouldn’t use Instagram. I would make more like a blog, that will show children´s work, and their improvement throughout the years. But the internet is never secure.

19. Why do you not support twitter and Instagram?

There are different types of people on Instagram, pedophiles and such. Also, for the kids work to be shown, the child’s account would have to be public. Their location, how they look, so there is a big risk for pedophiles to find the children and contact them.

Facebook would be good, because you can choose the people who can read your page, and who you want to share it with. I’d probably have the children make a blog instead, if not I would have them write on paper. For example, have the children make a class newspaper every month.

 

8. Analysis and summary of findings with quotes

We wanted to get an idea of how the schools are using digital media today and if they think this is a good thing or a bad thing.

She thinks that the future of learning will make the kids better in terms of technology and language but that they will regress intellectually, because she predicts that the content in the books will be way to simple and make it harder for the children to understand. She also says that books are the way to go for looking up information because the Internet is free-for-all when it comes to publish information and therefore is not a reliable source.

After the literature review, our research showed that schools that are using digital media and modern technology doesn’t provide enough education for the teachers in charge of it, as Nikolina also describes this after we asked if the schools were moving in the right direction.

«Schools are not moving in the right direction, they are moving backwards. The schools are implementing new programs and are not educating teachers for it, and all the teachers get the blame for not teaching the kids properly.»