1.3 Cultural Probe

The goal of our cultural probes was to extract information from other students to get other perspectives and opinions related to our topic. We were not aware that we rather should’ve gone to a school and put our cultural probes into action there, we thought we only could give it to fellow students, so we were advised to mention this. The aim is to figure out if there is a demand for digital tools in everyday school life – more specifically in class. We want to explore if traditional classroom teaching if sufficient for the students to feel accomplished or get the feeling that they were taught something after each class. As well as following up on students that wants help.

We thought our probes could expand our mindset a little as our Literature Review and our Interview showed us that the general opinion are all over the place, people are divided on the issue that digital media and tools should be in the classroom every day but the concerns are rather similar.

We started with a simple and easy diary in a fabric bag with a question and another page set aside for the answer. The question was «What is my biggest concern if kids start using digital media in their class? The question is broad but at the same time simple. The goal was to get opinions we could compare to our research, the testers write their thoughts.

The second probe was an experiment using sponge dices and markers where students were asked to rank from 1 to 10 how often they feel the need to look up information during lectures. For fun a bonus was added where they could try use the soft sponge as an anti-stress tool and then write down their experience. The goal was to get an idea of how often a student would use Google or similar during class.

The third and final probe was two different cardboard boxes. One of them contained a question and three different answers with a checkbox, and each question was related to how the student used digital media outside and inside of school. The goal was to gather information in an engaging, fun and quick way as the user group only have to check the box they relate to.

 

Collage of probes: top left is probe 1, top right is probe 2 and bottom left is probe 3.

We collected the probes back, thanked the participants and read through what the students said. The main points were that they had high scores using google as a supplement when they do not understand the class, and that they were concerned about the internet not being safe enough and teachers not being competent in digital learning.

What was most insightful or inspirational?

We were excited about how the results from the probes looked like the students were relying on digital tools to get through school, and this opens doors for us to build something digitally. We were inspired to explore further if children could use apps in school since they use internet in school already –  we gathered this information  through the probes.

Probe 1 and 3 weren’t as relevant since the answers are from older students. One might argue that the answers we got from the students would be similar to younger children who are familiar with using the web to acquire desired knowledge.

What surprised you the most?
The rating the students gave, it showed us that our testers look up things during lectures more often than we anticipated. We were also surprised that no one put a rating under 7 out of 10.

Another surprising finding is that the users prioritized security online, which is contrasting to our assumption beforehand that students are more careless online than in real life. This sparked an idea that we need a safe platform for kids to be able to ask for help from teachers without risking getting bullied.

 

What probe results will help you with future designs?
Definitely the findings from probe 2, it’s such a fun concept and we will use this to target our current group to get more results to this particular project from the correct user group. The fact that students choose to use Google instead of asking the teacher is a challenge and a blessing in itself since it promotes self learning, but keeps them from facing conflicts or asking questions in class. Maybe we could make our own teacher being Google somehow? Or a chat? Furthermore, the probe gave us insight into what digital tools they use today, and gave us a few ideas on how we can develop them further. Maybe get children to use apps likewise as social media apps they use in their spare time?

Susanne asked us to mention that we misunderstood which groups we could use and that’s why some of the answers aren’t included though we are psyched to get some elementary school kids working on these. We struggled a bit with figuring out questions that could give us HOW-feedback, and promoting not just one sentence from the users.

The probes were designed like a journal and some games with boxes and sponges – we found all the materials at Makerspace and found inspiration as we rummaged through all the equipment there. When we got the materials we needed, we brainstormed a bit how the probes could feel playful. It was very fun to see the reactions to the probes when we handed them out and how they interpreted the questions we made.

1.2 Expert Interview

Intervjuet vårt ble holdt på engelsk, og her og ved Cultural Probe kommer vi til å skrive på engelsk med hensyn til internasjonale forhold.

1. Who was interviewed?
Nikolina Petrović – a teacher.

2. Where was the interview conducted?
In Halden.

3. How was the interview conducted?
By phone.

4. What was the theme (s) of the interview?

Digital media in schools, how they use it and predictions for the future.

5. Why was the theme (s) chosen?

This is what we were interested in after the literature review.

6. Questions

1. Whats your name?
2. How old are you?
3. Where are you from?
4. How long have you been a teacher?
5. Tell me quickly about yourself?
6. What are your thoughts about using only books and a blackboard to teach?
7. In which subjects do you think the kids will get most out of digital learning?
8. How do you imagine the future of learning will look?
9. Do you think your school should invest in more digital units for digital learning?
10. Would you tell someone to look something up in a book or on the internet, if you were unsure of the answer?
11. What do you think is important if you are to make a digital learning platform for kids?
12. How would you use digital media in your classroom?
13. Did you ever use digital media in your school for learning?
14. How did the children react, was it successful?
15. Have you taught the children about internet safety?
16. What is your biggest concern of using digital media in your classroom?
17. How do you suggest schools should approach this issue?
18. Do you think schools are moving in the right direction?
19. Why do you not support twitter and Instagram?

7. Transcription

 

1. Whats your name?

Nikolina Petrović

2. How old are you?

Twenty-four

3. Where are you from?

Serbia

4. How long have you been a teacher?

Two years

5. Tell me quickly about yourself?

I finished a five-year master’s degree as a teacher, at the teacher’s education faculty. Before I studied at the gymnasium and chose mathematical direction, instead of language. I was also replacing teachers as an assistant at one point. I have known of this type of job as a teacher since I was born since my mother is also a teacher. It has let me know more in advance of entering the occupation than if I were to not have known anything of it prior to studying it.

Currently I am educating children aged seven years, and I am appreciating the opportunity to do so.

6. What are your thoughts about using only books and a blackboard to teach?

I support that, the books are the source of knowledge. If you’re asking me blackboard is much better than a whiteboard, because writing with a chalk is better as its much softer, whilst a marker is more slippery on the surface.

7. In which subjects do you think the kids will get most out of digital learning?

Native Language, maths, science and nature, music.

8. How do you imagine the future of learning will look?

Kids will not improve, they will regress intellectually, and motor skills will deteriorate. They will improve their English and know more about technology than everyone else before them. Books will have more simple material in them which will be harder for the kids to learn from. Everything they will learn will be reduced because they’re regressing intellectually.

9. Do you think your school should invest in more digital units for digital learning?

Yes, I think so all through the entire country, but also elsewhere. The kids should have access to the digital learning platforms at home as well, so they can always have the ability to learn in their free time as well.

10. Would you tell someone to look something up in a book or on the internet, if you were unsure of the answer?

I’d tell them to look it up in a book, because the internet is full of misinformation. Wikipedia should be banned from learning, due to it not being a secure and reliable source. For videos I’d use the internet to find material.

11. What do you think is important if you are to make a digital learning platform for kids?

The teachers need to be educated in using the platform, which in my country requires English knowledge. It would be good to have instructions about the platforms the teacher can use, but the best solution would be to have one platform for every country that needs to be upgraded with the program of education. Digital platforms should be based on the law, for educational programs of every cycle in the school.

12. How would you use digital media in your classroom?

I would use it for introductory activities, in systematization. Also, to raise interest in the classroom for the new lessons. I would use it for video and music, maybe educational games. There is not a lot of educational games in Serbian, and the ones that are available are poorly developed.

13. Did you ever use digital media in your school for learning?

Yes, I did, I used YouTube and educational games in English (that I translated to the students in Serbian). I was using digital media for interactive teaching, where they get the info they need from the internet and from the “checked sites”, the sites where the info is verified by the teachers prior to the students going there themselves.

14. How did the children react, was it successful?

The kids liked it when the teaching was different from the usual type, they also liked when they explored by themselves. It was successful.

15. Have you taught the children about internet safety?

No, I have not cause I’m the one that’s controlling their web searches as for now. I also think that’s something they should learn when they reach the age of nine, or ten. Then I would do it cause that’s when they start to use their own computers.

16. What is your biggest concern of using digital media in your classroom?

I’m concerned the digital media will replace the books, which the ministry of education science and technological development is trying to implement in the educational system.

Teaching would get poorer, and more miserable, and motor skills would not be developed properly, and some classes such as music, art and physical education cannot be properly learned over digital media. Also, my biggest concern, is that the programs are not very well developed. So, then advertisements can pop out as for example inappropriate ads on YouTube.

17. How do you suggest schools should approach this issue?

Improve the program without any glitches, and digital medias shouldn’t push away the books.

18. Do you think schools are moving in the right direction?

Schools are not moving in the right direction; they are moving backwards. The schools are implementing new programs and are not educating teachers for it, and all the teachers get the blame for not teaching the kids properly.

How can the elementary schools use modern children (social) media usage to improve the everyday classroom experience?

I don’t support Twitter, and I wouldn’t use Instagram. I would make more like a blog, that will show children´s work, and their improvement throughout the years. But the internet is never secure.

19. Why do you not support twitter and Instagram?

There are different types of people on Instagram, pedophiles and such. Also, for the kids work to be shown, the child’s account would have to be public. Their location, how they look, so there is a big risk for pedophiles to find the children and contact them.

Facebook would be good, because you can choose the people who can read your page, and who you want to share it with. I’d probably have the children make a blog instead, if not I would have them write on paper. For example, have the children make a class newspaper every month.

 

8. Analysis and summary of findings with quotes

We wanted to get an idea of how the schools are using digital media today and if they think this is a good thing or a bad thing.

She thinks that the future of learning will make the kids better in terms of technology and language but that they will regress intellectually, because she predicts that the content in the books will be way to simple and make it harder for the children to understand. She also says that books are the way to go for looking up information because the Internet is free-for-all when it comes to publish information and therefore is not a reliable source.

After the literature review, our research showed that schools that are using digital media and modern technology doesn’t provide enough education for the teachers in charge of it, as Nikolina also describes this after we asked if the schools were moving in the right direction.

«Schools are not moving in the right direction, they are moving backwards. The schools are implementing new programs and are not educating teachers for it, and all the teachers get the blame for not teaching the kids properly.»

 

 

1.1 Exploration through Literature Search

Forberedelse 

Aller først starter vi å diskutere hva temaet vårt handler om.

Education” har vi valgt, og det innebærer alt vi gjør i høst. Vi er jo tross alt studenter nå. Vi diskuterer hva utdanning er og har vært fra vi var små til nå; hvilke fag har vi hatt utbytte av, hva kommer vi til å få bruk for videre i livet og er alt vi har lært til nå nyttig for ungdom i dag? Dessuten har vi fundert på hvilke karakterer fra VGS som har påvirket veien hit.  

Mange spørsmål dukker opp underveis;  

Why arent kids today as focused on education as before? 

How does verbal interactions between primary school children affect their personal development in social settings later in life? 

How can the elementary schools use the childrens social media usage to their academic advantage? 

How can online education help kids (primary school pupilsbecome more engage in eLearning? 

What is the reason why kids find education dry and dull, while social media and gaming more interesting and entertaining? 

  

Søk 

Vi må finne søkeord. Ord som kan hjelpe oss å finne relevante artikler til våre spørsmål. Vi prøver de første som slår oss når vi tenker på utdanning. Vi finner artikler fra i år og helt tilbake til 90-tallet. Lengre bak enn det tør vi ikke sjekke. Vi siler ut alt før 2015, det er interessant men ikke oppdatert nok. Vi prøver engelsk versjon og norsk versjon av spørsmålet vårt for å finne naturlige kandidater til rapporten.  

 

 

Utvelgelse 

Flere timer passerer, det er mange som er engasjerte i hvilket utbytte utdanning har for oss jo eldre vi blir.  Vi begynner å 

 

Evaluering 

 

Preparing Our Literature Review . Preparation- Search- Select- Evaluation

    • Vårt mål, hva vil vi finne ut av?
      Hvordan kan barneskoler forbedre hverdagen i klasserommet ved bruk av sosiale media?
    • Forskning viser at de aller fleste skolebarn allerede bruker denne teknologien hver dag. Målet vårt er å finne verktøy som utnytter dette, i tillegg til å finne eksempler på hvordan bruk av teknologi forbedrer læring for barn; som sosial kommunikasjon, leseferdighet og forståelse for digitale medier.
    • Nøkkelord på engelsk, disse gir flere treff enn på norsk
      Communication, information, social media, interaction, elementary schools, digital media, statistics, studies, students, classroom, class.

 

    • Kombinasjoner av nøkkelord
      Hvordan bruker lærere sosiale medier i skolesammenheng?
    • («Barneskole» AND lærer AND sosiale AND medier) OR («Barneskole» AND lærere AND sosiale AND medier) OR («barneskoler» AND lærere AND sosiale AND medier) OR («Barneskole» AND lærer AND sosiale AND medier).
      Hvor mange barneskoleklasser bruker sosiale medier? («Barneskole» AND skoler AND sosiale AND medier AND klasse) OR («Barneskole» AND skoler AND sosiale AND medier AND klasse) OR («Barneskoler» AND skoler AND sosiale AND medier AND klasse)

 

    • Bestemme litteraturens karakter
      Denne type informasjon finnes i største grad på nett så vi har fastslått å bruke søkemotorer som vår hovedkilde til informasjon. Bøker blir gjerne utdatert i disse dager og med vårt tema er det veldig aktuelt å finne de beste informasjonskildene på nett. Vi søker gjennom internett ved bruk av Google Scholar, Google Søk og Google Books. Samtidig vil vi benytte digitale journaler og andre nettbaserte kilder vi finner.

 

Hvordan kan barneskolen bruke barns bruk av sosiale media til å forbedre opplevelsen i klasserommet?

 

  • Vi ønsker å utforske hvordan vi kan bruke dagens barns sosiale media-bruk til å forbedre hverdagen i klasserommet

 

  • Informasjonen flyter til skolen, og den kan komme fra flere ulike kilder. (Sitat Klaudia i timen Designmetoder)

 

  • Informasjonen vi leter etter er barneskolens bruk av sosiale media

 

  • Grunnen til at vi vil utforske dette, er på grunn av studier har vist at mange barn som passer in i disse alders gruppene bruker allerede disse teknologiene nesten hver dag og  skoler burde inkludere denne teknologien i klasserommet.