Observation

Interview toolkit:

 

Who is the expert you will be interviewing for your case?

Student counselor/social worker

 

How will you approach him/her?

We will approach her with an email, asking for an interview about our topic, and the purpose of the interview.

 

The goal of the interview:

Our goal is to gain knowledge about why students struggle in school, and in daily life.

 

 

Testing an interview

Question set:

What makes you enjoy your job?

What are some general problems students bring to you?

What kind of people come to you for counselling?

What do you think is the main reason students fail on a subject, even if they have a good work ethic?

What other factors do you think affect the student’s performance?

Does age have a correlation with how well the student performs?

Does social bonds affect school performance?

What do you think motivates students to work hard?

 

Notes/reflections: Liker muligheten til å hjelpe mennesker som trenger det. Folk kommer til rådgiver pga tidsklemme. arbeidet kan virke overhvelmende. vanskelig kommunikasjon med foreleser. spørsmål om karriere/interresse. Alle slags folk, Unge gamle, voksne, de som innser at de trenger hjelp. folk vil helst klare seg på egenhand. Helse kan være grunn til at man sliter. læremiljøet er vikitg, trivsel. Det at mange har flyttet hjemmefra, kan bli mye utenom skole. Selve alderen bør ikke ha noe å si, men studentens modenhet og selvdisiplin. veldig individuelt. alder kan være en indikator på hvor moden man bær være. for eksempel har man stereotypen 18-år gammel ny student som fester mye. Ufrivillig ensomhet utenfor og på skolen er ikke bra for studenten. Man kan også miste fokus på skolen, hvis man er for mye opptatt med venner og festing. Tilbakemelding på arbeid er viktig. At man får noe igjen for hardt arbeid.

 

 

Exploration through Literature Search

Image of Libary

Problem to solve:  Help collage students who struggling to catch up with the regular tuition.

Topic: Are the students or the education system the root of the problem when students fail at education?

Questions:

Why do the students fall behind?

Does the «fadderuken» and a sociale drinking pressure effect the school work in a negative way?

Is there something inefficient with the college style of lecturing?

Will the physical lecture be replaced  in the future?

Is there some science behind more efficient lecturing for student who struggle?

Is the the student, the lecturer or both responsible for the students learning?

Keywords:

«student life», «alcohol», «fadderuke», «attention», «learning», «focus», «interest», «commitment», «grades», «pressure», «work-ethic», study-technique», «struggle», «failure», «sleep», «education»,  «loneliness», «future lecturing», «long-term memory», «the human brain», «time management»

Mind map:

 

Literature review  

To understand why students in a Bachelor program struggle at school we must first understand the factors that affects their lives. Since each student is a unique person, we will have to expect a wide variety of reasons.  

 

Study techniques 

Since we are living in a modern word with technology at our fingertips, we choose to use a modern source of literature. 

Steve Mueller is a write of the blog planetofsuccess.com who are targeting many aspects of how-to success in life with our goals. He is covering a lot of “how to succeed as student” – topics (Steve Mueller, 2017). 

 

How to Study 

To stay most focus when studying it is important to find a good and quite study environment such as a library or a room without distractions such as a TV or a loud noise. 

The second important thing is that you should stay true to your studying, and not start daydreaming or surfing the web. If you manage to hold focus you should develop a greater understanding of what you are trying to learn. 

Selection of study time is also a key factor to more efficient learning. The human brain is in general most active in the morning betwee8 AM to 11 AM and in the evening 5 pm to 9 pm. You should implement the time period that fits you to your routine (Steve Mueller, 2017). 

 

Type of study styles 

Different people learn by different methods. Are you a visual learner or a theoretical learner? 

Visual learner 

You like to have the topic visualize by charts, figures and drawing. Implement this approach to your notes. Try to draw the solution of the problem. 

Auditory learner 

You remember more about a topic by hearing the lecturing. If you reading by yourself you could record yourself a learn from the recording. 

 

Emotional learner 

If you are a person who connections felling to topic you learn, you should use this approach when studying. Try to get emotional with the topic to get a better understanding. It will make it easier to memorize. 

Kinesthetic learner 

Learn by doing” is a approach for your those who are not into technical explanations. It you loose focus when reading, you should try a to learn by a partial example. 

 

It its important that you choose a style that fits you and your approach to the topic. If you are a theoretical type of person its not bad thing to visualize a technical topic when pen and paper (Steve Mueller, 2017). 

 

Study Motivation 

Mueller mention that as student you should set goals and reward yourself when its accomplished. If the goals is to ambitious you will not get the right motivation and begin to have negative thoughts. Instead you should divide your big goal into smaller goals who are possible to accomplished in a reasonable time. Its important to take action and do the work, and not just talk about it as a goal (Steve Mueller, 2017). 

 

Time Management for Students 

If a student applies a good time management routine he/she will get more work done and be less stressful. The benefits of a strict routine is that it gives you more time to do other things like hobbies and social life, which is important aswell. Everyone needs a break once in a while. The core idea here is not to waste time on social media and video games while studying. This will make the studying last longer and will not be effective as if you were to dedicate the time exclusively (Steve Mueller, 2017). 

 

Personal life 

Student life with alcohol 

Studies by Vinmonopolet reveals that 50% of the students experience drinking pressure during their study period. 4 of 10 students states that it´s not social accepted to not drink under the study initial week “Fadderuken”.  1 of 3 students has not attended lecture or work because of consume of alcohol (Vinmonopolet , 2019) 

Students should prioritize studying before drinking. If they manage time good, they will have time for a drink or a Farris in the weekends if they like it.  

  

Sleep 

Students sleep on average 7,6 hours during the night before school. Poor sleep before school day will contribute to low grades, low concentration, low motivation to focus on the studies, and it will increase emotional behavior such as ADHD. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine AKA (AASM) are showing some tips to follow to get a good night sleep. Some of the tips are: 

  • Making a consistent bedtime routine 
  • Avoid coffee, soda and other drinks and food that contains caffeine. 
  • Exam day or homework? Don’t stay up all night to study. It will affect tomorrow and causes lack of concentration and motivation.  
  • Sleep and wake up at the same time.  

Examples of having a consistent bedtime should be – student sleeps at 23:00 and wakes up at 07:00 if the school or work starts at 08 so that he/she has 1 hour to get ready and eat a breakfast which is an important meal of the day. Other than that, a typical bedtime routine should be: 

  1. Turn off Electronic device or put it on silent. 
  1. Wash dishes / clean. 
  1. Put pajamas on and put dirty clothes up. 
  1. Drink a 1½ cup of water. 
  1. Brush teeth. 
  1. Go to sleep. 

Poor sleep does not only affect low grades in school, but it affects mental health. 

 

Education system   

Reasons why first-generation students fail 

To get a proper understanding as of why first-generation students (referred to as FGS) are the more likely to drop out than continuing-generation students (referred to as CGS), we need to look at their different factors that comes into play.  

An FGS is a student that has been raised in a family where neither father nor mother succeeded in graduating from college. By that you can make out a good idea of where bad work habits, attitudes, needs and behaviors are inherited from. There can also be said that many of the students within this category work more hours and has more financial dependents. (Inman & Mayes, 1999; Nunez & Cuccaro-Alamin1998)  

On the other hand, you have the CGS. He or her has at least one parent who has completed college.  Maybe the reason why they succeeded is because they showed interest in what they were studying, did their given tasks and delivered on their exams. But in most cases, money talks. When graduated, a CGS is far more likely to get a good job than an FGS.  A better job means better income.  

An FGS enter college working more hours, even outside their studiesexactly because of this reason. A student is often highly dependent on the family income and an FGS doesn’t get the same support and contributing factors which makes a CGS far more prepared as they navigate through college.  

 

Students who manage to graduate 

Statistics Norway (SSB) states that 19,1% of the students are dropping out of a Bachelor program  (SSB, 2019).  The statistic also shows us that 24.6% of the men are dropping out, and that 15,2% of the women is dropping out. That means that women are more likely to finish their bachelor’s degree. 

 

Information flow 

We choose the internet as a platform to receive information about our topic. The digital research prosses is then faster and more flexible, which means that we will have the latest versions of studies and articles. 

The authors of the blogs and studies are the experts in the area that we want to learn more about. They are the sender in a one-way one-to-many communication (static website or paper). Everyone can post thing online now days, so we have to verify the source of the content in scientific matters. We carefully look for the right domains that are respected in the field, or other documents that are verified by respected institutions.  

What needs to be improved 

We found out that there are more men than women who quit their bachelor program. Does that mean that men struggle more with their education or are there other reasons? We have to dig deeper. 

 

Conclusion 

There are multiple reasons why a student might struggle at school. Some simply do not make a great effort, while others really try, without success. Some have better cognitive abilities than others, thus working and learning quicker. Everyone likes to learn in different ways. Some students are more suited to how the specific institution teaches. Ie. The auditory learner, who learns a lot just by listening to lectures. People who are kinesthetic learners however, get more educational value out of working practically. Some people also need more motivation than others. This kind of person needs to get the feel of accomplishment and mastery, for completing assignments and tasks. Time management is important to succeed at university. If the student does not manage their time, they will not work with efficiency. Work efficiency is also affected by consumption of alcohol. Studies show that students tend to think “not drinking” is not socially acceptable. The pressure to drink leads to students not attending to lectures, which leads to them falling behind the curriculum. Many students suffer from lack of sleep as well. Bad sleeping habits are fixable by creating a schedule for when to go to sleep and when to wake up. Getting enough sleep is important in order to be able to focus and pay attention. Having a good work-ethic is crucial to succeed in a study. A good work-ethic can be inherited by parents who graduated themselves. This is a reason why more first generation students  drop out than continuing-generation students 

 

 

 

Reference literature: 

Joseph Potts. (04.14. 2018). Student work ethic. From: 

https://whstoday.com/news/2018/04/13/the-generation-gap-high-school-work-ethic/ 

  

Oxford Royale Academy. (06.12.2017).  9 Ways to Stay Focused in Class. From: 

https://www.oxford-royale.com/articles/9-ways-stay-focused-class.html 

  

Sanjay S. Mehta, John J. Newbold and Matthew A. O’Rourke (01.03. 2011) Why do first-generation students fail? From: 

 https://go.galegroup.com/ps/anonymous?id=GALE%7CA252632754&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=abs&issn=01463934&p=AONE&sw=w 

  

SSB (06.20.2019) Static of examination from colleges and universities . From: 

https://www.ssb.no/hugjen 

  

Steve Mueller. (03.30.2017). Effective Study Methods: How to Study. From: 

http://www.planetofsuccess.com/blog/2010/effective-study-methods-how-to-study/ 

  

Steve Mueller. (03.30.2017).Study: Time Management for Students. From: 

http://www.planetofsuccess.com/blog/2010/study-time-management-for-students/ 

  

Steve Mueller. (03.30.2017).How to Get Motivated to Study. From: 

http://www.planetofsuccess.com/blog/2010/how-to-get-motivated-to-study/ 

  

Stoliker, Bryce E.; Lafreniere, Kathryn D. (2015).The Influence of Perceived Stress, Loneliness, and Learning Burnout on University Students’ Educational Experience. From 

https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/prin/csj/2015/00000049/00000001/art00015 

  

The Learning center. Studying 101: Study smarter not Harder. From: 

http://learningcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/studying-101-study-smarter-not-harder/ 

 

American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2017). Poor sleep can negatively affect a student’s grades. From: 

 Poor sleep can negatively affect a student’s grades 

 

Vinmonopolet (2019). Alkovett til studiestart. From: 

https://www.vinmonopolet.no/alkovetttilstudiestart 

 

American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2016, June 13). Video game playing negatively influences adequate sleep and bedtimes: Over 67 percent of gamers reported missed sleep due to playing. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 18, 2019 from: 

Video game playing negatively influences adequate sleep and bedtimes 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Project presentation ideas

Idea 1: Student Helper

Problem to solve:  help collage students who struggling to catch up with the regular tuition.

Solution: help college students with a specific task, assignment or to repeat a lecture at a low cost.

Main actors: the volunteer lecturer and the student

Information flow: communication

Information typology: one to one

Description: students who struggle can get help with their education through other students or professionals along with their normal Education run. A service will connect both students and lectures to start a communication.

 

Idea 2: “Ted talks” in the living room

Problem to solve: let a group of people order a  customized lecture of interest.

Solution : give directly and customise lecture to an audience on their chosen subject…

Main actors: the volunteer lecturer and  the group

Information flow:  sending, communication

Information typology: one to many, one to one

Description: customize a lecture of interest via a network of professional and enthusiast.

A group of people can hire a speecher who can talk about a subject choose by the group. It can be all from science, food, music and psychology. The talk can be hold in the living room, office or school.

 

Idea 3: «PT» Personal Trainer

Problem to solve: giving/making tailor-made lecture about health and fitness program

Main actors: Gym members

Information flow: Sending, Communication

Information typology: one to one

Description: A gym member need diet plan or a custom tailor made workout plan so the PT would make it happen. subjects that PT covers could be example: Health, Fitness, Diet, Mental health.

 

Idea 4: Hiof – School Map

Problem to solve: Navigating the school/finding classrooms.

Main actors: Students

Information flow: Sending

Information typology: one to one

Description: An interactive map which will make it easier for students to know where and when they should be.