1.1 Exploration through Literature Search

Documentation of the literature search

 

  •  Our goal is to focus on information flow for the students who do not attend the classes at Hiof.

 

Here we divided the main topic into sub-topics that every person in the group can write about.

  1. Why are students not attending classes? Examples: Illness, school far from home, work, lack of motivation, stress, not caring for the lectures.
  2. Why does the student need to attend classes? Why is the lack of attendance a problem? Maybe we don’t have a problem.
  3. What are the existing technology right now on Hiof? How do the students get the information right now? Examples: Powerpoint screenshots, email the teacher, facebook groups… 
  4. Why isn’t existing technology needs to be improved? Not working? 
  5. What technologies can be implemented for the students to learn better? 

 

  • Keywords

Main Keywords:

  • Student/Student attending/attend/attention/non-attendance
  • Class/Classroom/Lecture/Lesson
  • University/Program/Bachelor/Master
  • Future/education/Online/Home School/Technology
  • Communication
  • Teacher
  • In/Out
  • Mandatory
  • Distance education
  • Classroom education
  • “Follow-up”
  • “Future education”

 

Reasons(1):

  • Illness/sick/health problems
  • Work/Working hours/Student time
  • To feel lazy/ignoring/responsibility/Can’t follow-up/…(find else words.)
  • Living far away to school,
  • Student stress/pyschology/self conscious/being shy/friends

 

Difficulties/Challenges(2):

  • Homework/Assignment/Exam/Final/Midterm/Project
  • Topic/Lesson
  • Learning/Performance/Outcome
  • Catching up the curriculum/…(Find else words.)
  • Using time/job/responsible (For teacher)

 

Needs(3):

  • Technology
  • Comminication/Chat
  • Code/Coding/Java vs.
  • Youtube/Udemy/Books
  • Laptop
  • Same context
  • Teachers

 

Technology(4):

  • Online/Platforms
  • Record/Recording/Camera/Live
  • Skype/Video chat/
  • Future
  • Technology/Classroom/Technological
  • Design
  • Enhance/Support/Better/…
  • Home School
  • App
  • Learning/Internet

 

  • Determine the amount and nature of the literature

Think on the scope of the research in order to define the amount of literature.

 

  • Select information sources
  • Wikipedia
  • Google Scholar
  • Google search

 

Introduction

        Today, when we examine the universities in Norway, we see that the occupancy rate in the classes is not high. Especially at Hiof, we encounter a problem that students do not want to or do not want to go to the classes. As a result of this, disruptions occur in students’ communication with their courses. In this blog, we will focus on information flow for the students who do not attend the classes at Hiof, reasons of non attendance, is it a problem to not attending the classes, existing technology right now on Hiof to get information for students, why isn’t technology needs to be improved and what other technologies can be implemented for the students to learn better.

 

Problem: Focus on information flow for the students who do not attend the classes at Hiof.  

Why students do not attend classes?

Some students attend all classes, others attend some of them or part of it, and there is also those who never appear. We will focus on the last ones. There are not many studies about students who not attend classes at universities, where attendance is not required. But yet, there is a lot of empty new seats at the lecture halls which should be filled with people. This has to do with many factors, but we will focus on those most common.

The main factors are illness, being tired after studying assignments from other faculties to the late-night, having a fun night before, personal tasks during class, not required attendance and a day off from school to stress out.

Being tired after late studying

Universities do requires homework from students. It happens that there are few assignments with the same or similar deadline date. It counts students to prioritize late-night studying instead of class attendance day later, because of oversleeping. According to the statistics from the questionnaire, this is what 32,5% of students did answer, just behind the illness 38,1% (Friedman, Rodriguez & McComb, 2001).

Oversleep after fun night before

There are also students for whom its important social life and willingly take a part of it to the late hours. They do not attend the class the next day. In large groups of students, attendance is not checked, and they can always ask for notes from a classmate.

Personal issues

It comes also personal issues like a religious holiday, taking care of a child or sick person, a meeting with a doctor, picking up from the airport, or work during class time.

Class size, boring classes, and not required attendance

It is also discovered that the size of the class matters to student attendance(Ghenghesh & Nakhla, 2011). In large classes, students have a feeling that the teacher does not think about them individually. The lecture goes too fast, or the student does not learn much in the class. The classes are boring and unnecessary. Then it comes to a lack of motivation and thinking of the fun topics or things to do. In classes where attendance is not checked, students appear less. The attendance does not affect their grade. Students becoming tempted by a day off from lectures, and want to relax.

Attendance

In college, the students have a responsibility to themselves, to actually attend the classes they have enrolled in. Nobody is there to watch over their shoulders and force them to go to class. And by not going to class the students will risk damaging their comprehension of the subject. Students are more likely to succeed in academics when they attend classes consistently, so keeping the attendance rate up is important. When there is a large number of students missing frequently, the teacher and the other students will have a more difficult time progressing in the subject.

 

In this day and age, we have access to pretty much anything through the internet. And that includes lectures, books, and other source material, like articles and scientific research papers. But actually being in a classroom with the teacher and your fellow students you have a greater opportunity to learn. and to socialize with new people. And when students actually attend classes and try to be an active and productive part of the student life, their grades improve and their work ethics get better. There is only so much interaction you can get through the computer, and there is no real substitute for real human interaction.

Existing Technologies in Universities

              In our technological era, universities have several platforms and apps to help students get information to them. Students who missed their classes have an opportunity to contact their teachers or classmates. So they can learn what they have to do next week or they can learn their homework. If we talk about Facebook, which is one of the leading applications in this subject, we can see that it is a good “interactive learning resource” for students.

           Facebook is the most used social network in the World and one of the purposes of to use it is “communication” among students and also teachers. According to Irwin, Ball, Desbrow & Leveritt (2012), they found that Facebook makes it easier for students to learn by communicating with students and teachers and giving notifications for lecture information. They also refer that students can get information and notification if they missed something. 

From their research, a student says that “I liked it because I was able to gain information that was perhaps missed if I didn’t attend class that week.” (Undergraduate student, 3rd-year course)”. As we see, Facebook is more than a social platform.

 

          Another platform that we can examine which is used in universities is Socrative. Socrative is a free application whose purpose is classroom support. Therefore, it can be used for feedbacks, quiz assessments, and also increases the motivation and participation of students. According to Balta, Perera-Rodríguez & Hervás-Gómez(2018), several studies indicate that usage of these platforms like Socrative makes a student an active learner and it improves their motivation, knowledge and also increase participation and attendance. Additionally, it makes easy to follow assignments who don’t attend the classes.

SOCRATIVE

        Briefly, universities are using this kind of technology to make interaction easier for students. Thus, it serves as a tool for students who missed the course. However, existing technologies are not sufficient for students. Although these platforms may help, some points may also be missing.

Technology has a huge impact on our daily lives. Despite that, the education system remains the same, where the teacher stands in front of the room and delivers knowledge while students sit around and listen. It resembles ancient Greece. Today’s education model is focusing on teaching students to learn on their own.

Communication and collaboration outside the classroom have expended thanks to technology. Now people get information from e-books, podcasts, social media, VR and technology don’t stop there.

The future of education is AI and machine learning. Some of the areas will focus on personalized learning strategies for each student. Because each student has various learning abilities and learning styles.

 

Existing technology in University

Existing technology at University is the possibility to communicate through Facebook and Canvas is something we can mention and that we have already talked about. Students can get access to teachers, resources, and assignments.

 

The technology Østfold University College use

In Østfold University College you can get IT support for education. One can access Canvas as an information platform for teachers and students. You can also get advice on which computer you can use during the studied. It is also possible to borrow IT equipment from the library. This has teachers and students the opportunity to borrow. Students are expected to have a PC or tablet that they can use in teaching. The school is moving more and more away from a pencil and notebook. All teachers should have access to a PC or tablet. This can vary according to how the teacher wants to teach.

 

How technology can improve education

At University and College, there is more and more technological teaching.  What we talked about earlier is that many drop out, some do not attend teaching because it is not required, but others can not come because they are sick or have a tight schedule with their own children and school. When I talked about Facebook and canvas. But how can we improve this? Facebook is in 2018 one of the primary social networks for higher education.  But not every student has Facebook and don’t want to have it. Canvas is an information platform for teachers and students. The teachers have the opportunity and disseminate assignments, curates, and information about the course. After the research “The teaching and Learning Technologies (TLT) evaluation of the spring 2014 canvas feedback been positive and constructive from faculty and students. Both think it is easy to use and you can have control over assignments, deadlines, and grades.

What can improve whit all this technology? Facebook isn’t something you must have. And not everyone wants to use their Facebook at school and others are not active. Since you are not obligatory to use Facebook at school and the need to have it. It is not something you can force on people and you cannot do so much improvement. Canvas in the other hand, are there any improvements that one can make. There are also many improvements that have comes since 2014 replies. The improvement that has occurred is the ability to post files created by the teacher. Like PowerPoints, pitcher and video are some to mention. Another improvement that has happened is that there is an app that is easily accessible on the phone. What can improve today’s date is information availability. This is, individually, how the teacher chooses to inform. As a PowerPoint that doesn’t quite convey the message of what the teacher was talking about in the classroom. There may be opportunities for students to get admission and take audio recordings that can also be posted on canvas. This makes it more easy for them who can’t meet the class.

Technology has a huge impact on our daily lives. Despite that, the education system remains the same, where the teacher stands in front of the room and delivers knowledge while students sit around and listen. It resembles ancient Greece. Today’s education model is focusing on teaching students to learn on their own.

Communication and collaboration outside the classroom have expended thanks to technology. Now people get information from e-books, podcasts, social media, VR and technology don’t stop there.

The future of education is AI and machine learning. Bernard . (2017) Some of the areas will focus on personalized learning strategies for each student. Because each student has various learning abilities and learning styles. 

 

DreamBox

DreamBox is an education software that already is using this type of technology. One problem with more independent education can be that the teacher can’t see if the student is struggling, and lack of insight into students’ progress. The software calculates students’ actions, processing data and calculate which areas the students struggle and create a plan. (HENTET FRA URL:  http://www.dreambox.com)

“The Center for Education Policy Research (CEPR) at Harvard University has completed a study of nearly 3,000 math students using DreamBox in Grades 3-5 in two districts.”

“The Center for Education Policy Research (CEPR) at Harvard University has completed a study of nearly 3,000 math students using DreamBox in Grades 3-5 in two districts.”

DT

DT is an artificial intelligence-based training method, which can reduce training time from years to months.

The U.S. Navy has launched a tutoring system that’s using AI technology. And it’s already has been integrated into an entry-level IT school in Pensacola. DT is an online tutor that teaches each student individually, monitors, processes, and coaches. Center for information Dominance Public Affairs (2015)

Virtual classroom education.

The New York Times named the year 2012 as the “Year of the MOOC” (Massive Online Open Courses) and since then the popularity of online education continued to grow. Students can manage their time much more efficient and they don’t need to travel to get to the class. Online learning platform is cheaper and many platforms such as Skillshare and CodeAcademy provide thousands of educational videos both for students and teachers.

K12 Provides home-school tutor free online education that is already available in more than 33 states in the USA. They provide tailored individual plans for each student, access to a variety of courses, real-time interaction with teachers and classmates in the virtual classroom. K12 supply materials, textbooks, so all you must have is an internet connection. HENTET FRA URL:https://www.k12.com/k12-education.html[2]

There are some examples of the technologies that are being used in education today. 

 

REFERENCES

Irwin, C., Ball, L., Desbrow, B., & Leveritt, M. (2012). Students’ perceptions of using Facebook as an

interactive learning resource at university. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 28(7).

 

Socrative (2019, May 11). Wikipedia, The free encyclopedia. Date of consultation: 00:16,

September 17, 2019, from https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Socrative&oldid=115884133

 

Balta, N., Perera-Rodríguez, V. H., & Hervás-Gómez, C. (2018). Using socrative as an online

homework platform to increase students’ exam scores. Education and Information

Technologies, 23(2), 837-850.

 

Friedman, P., Rodriguez, F., & McComb, J. (2001). Why students do and do not attend classes: Myths and realities. College teaching, 49(4), 124-133. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/87567555.2001.10844593

  • side 131, 132 – SCREEN AV STATISTIKK

 

Nyamapfene, A. (2010). Does class attendance still matter?. engineering education, 5(1), 64-74. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.11120/ened.2010.05010064

Ghenghesh, P., & Nakhla, N. L. (2011). Speak Out Students! Why Don’t You Attend English Classes?. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 1(1), 8-15.http://www.academypublication.com/issues/past/tpls/vol01/01/02.pdf

 

Høgskolen I østfold, 2018

Michael Stone (2018), For Now, Facebook Remains the Primary Social Network for Highet Ed. https://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/call-action-marketing-and-communications-higher-education/now-facebook-remains-primary-social

Joyce Waddell (2015), The Role of Technology in the Educational Process. https://edwp.educ.msu.edu/green-and-write/2015/the-role-of-technology-in-the-edu TET FRA URL:

https://www.businessinsid[1]er.com/how-technology-is-shaping-the-future-of-education-2017-12?r=US&IR=T#artificial-intelligence-is-poised-to-play-an-integral-role-as-well-4

HENTET FRA URL:  http://www.dreambox.com

Center for information Dominance Public Affairs (2015) Innovative IT Training Course Graduates First Digital Tutor Class.  navy.mil. HENTET FRA URL:

 :https://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=90901.

 

HENTET FRA URL:

https://www.k12.com/k12-education.html[2] cational-process/

Harvard University, Academic technology. “Whay are faculty and student saying about canvas?” (2014). https://atg.fas.harvard.edu/canvas-feedback

 

Bernard . (2017). Here’s how technology is shaping the future of education. businessinsider.com.HENTET FRA URL:

https://www.businessinsid[1]er.com/how-technology-is-shaping-the-future-of-education-2017-12?r=US&IR=T#artificial-intelligence-is-poised-to-play-an-integral-role-as-well-4

HENTET FRA URL:  http://www.dreambox.com

Center for information Dominance Public Affairs (2015) Innovative IT Training Course Graduates First Digital Tutor Class.  navy.mil. HENTET FRA URL:

 :https://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=90901.

 

HENTET FRA URL:

https://www.k12.com/k12-education.html[2]

 

 

 

 

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Documentation of the literature search

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Brainstorming

Brainstorming

1) Which information flow situation you want to explore further? and 

2)Why you think that can be interesting?

When you describe the information flow situation you should tell which peoples’ groups are involved in the information flow situation, how is the information flowing, and what information you are talking about.

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Case

Students that cant attend classes. How can technology help?

The goal is to help students get most of the information from the classes that they couldn’t attend. Is it be possible to integrate technology so students can predispose their time more efficiently and to learn better?

Keywords:

  • Student attending
  • Classroom education
  • Home school
  • Illness/sick
  • Work
  • Communication between students and teacher
  • Follow-up
  • Technology university
  • Technology classroom
  • Future education
  • Student stress
  • Student time
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